We are an industry-wide strategic alliance, dedicated to making battery-electric container handling equipment affordable and accessible.

Working for a net-zero port industry

Working for a net-zero port industry

Container handling equipment is a critical enabler of port operations, used to move containers on and off ships across the world’s container ports.

940 container ports around the world

120,000 container handling equipment units

10-15 million tons of CO2e every year


The challenges and benefits of battery-electric

Battery-electric container handling equipment is not yet competitive on affordability & accessibility with diesel – several levers can close the gap and accelerate adoption


Challenge: BE-CHE is currently more expensive than diesel CHE


Challenge: BE-CHE value chain does not have the scale required for a large roll-out, implementation is often complex


Immediate benefits: BE-CHE immediately eliminates stailpipe emissions

Levers to improve competitiveness (focus of ZEPA)


  • Technology learning effects
  • Reduced charging downtime
  • Standardisation & decoupling
  • Scaled production capacity
  • Standardisation & decoupling
  • Power purchase agreements
  • Workforce training


  • No scope 1 emissions
  • Lower scope 2 emissions
  • No air pollutants
  • Lower levels of vibration & noise

Source: Reaching a tipping point in Battery-Electric Container Handling Equipment, 2023


ZEPA aims to accelerate port decarbonization by making battery-electric container handling equipment affordable and accessible this decade


Make untethered battery-electric container handling equipment affordable and accessible by 2030


Accelerate port decarbonization


Port stakeholders to accelerate their decarbonization efforts

Zero-emission CHE is battery-electric or hydrogen-electric. Our analysis shows that battery-electric CHE is the more realistic solution in the short to medium-term. It is not yet competitive on affordability and accessibility with diesel, but it can become the cheapest option in the next 2-8 years.

Terminal Operators

For terminal operators, meeting emission reduction targets requires the decarbonization of CHE, which accounts for ~50-60% of their scope 1 and scope 2 emissions.


For OEMs, meeting terminal operators’ transition requirements is a clear commercial opportunity to develop low-emission CHE. Additionally, it reduces their downstream scope 3 emissions from equipment use.

Port Authorities

For port authorities, decarbonizing CHE (Container Handling Equipment) is essential to meet emission reduction targets (both at port- and national level) and to deliver environmental and social benefits, such as better air quality and lower healthcare costs.

Shipping line operators

For shipping line operators, decarbonizing CHE is required to abate scope 3 emissions and meet growing demand from beneficial cargo owners for end-to-end low-carbon supply chains.

ZEPA takes collective action across 4 workstreams to accelerate the adoption of battery-electric CHE

Projected Demand

Voluntary Design Standards

Power Infrastructure Roll-out

Adoption Incentives